Dykstra Laboratories, Inc. is a research and development laboratory formed in 1997 and located in Gainesville, Florida, USA. Generally, our laboratory is interested in the field of bioelectromagnetics. This includes the effects of both exogenous electromagnetic fields (outside the organism) and endogenous electromagnetic (EM) fields (inside the organism). Exogenous fields emanate from the environment and may include natural and man-made EM fields. Endogenous fields are naturally produced by organisms that influence how a given organism detects an exogenous field while simultaneously regulating biological functions.
Although all aspects of bioelectromagnetics are investigated and reviewed, most of our active research deals with insects. Our test animals include the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella, and the Webbing Clothes Moth, Tineola bisselliellae. Other test insects included the Raisin Moth, Cadra figulilella (formerly Ephestia figulilella), the Mediterranean Flour Moth, Ephestia kuehniella, the almond moth, Cadra cautella, and the Rice Moth, Corcyra cephalonica.
Insect olfaction is the science of insect smell. Much is known about it, but much is still undiscovered. As of this writing, we still do not know all of the mechanisms of how insects smell. Do insects smell with their antennae? If so, how do they do it? The predominant theory suggests this is accomplished by a “lock and key” mechanism which is largely dependent on the diffusion of odorant molecules. Intensive review of this theory has unfortunately revealed this to be physically impossible which lays the groundwork for an alternative theory, if one exists.
Evidence does exist of a theory that relies more on electromagnetics than on chemical diffusion. This electromagnetic message is derived from odorant molecules and enjoys the popular term of the “Vibrational Theory of Odor.” The first written accounts of this theory come from G.M. Dyson in 1937 and 1938. Robert Wright expanded this theory with his scientific writings and researched both insects and humans. Robert Wright attempted to unify his theory of smell for both insects and humans, but was unable to. Philip Callahan offered a mechanism by which the insects could detect these frequencies and this was an important starting point. The newest evidence reveals the two mechanisms must differ due to the morphological, biochemical, and physiological differences that exist between the olfactory epithelium of man and the sensillae of insects. This laboratory is devoted to furthering research begun by these two scientists and developing these novel ideas so as to produce an insect trap based on electromagnetic theory.